The below sites will give a first-time visitor to Budapest a snapshot of the city’s past and present. Refer to this map for the specific locations.

#1 - Roam the streets of the Castle Hill: Budapest’s medieval Old Town is usually swarming with tourists, but if you go up here a little before sunset, after many visitors have returned to the Pest side, you should have the Buda Castle, Matthias Church, Fisherman's Bastion, and the charmingly winding historic streets mostly to yourself. Read this step-by-step guide to get the most out of the Castle Hill.

Photo: Országház Látogatóközpont#2 - Go inside the Parliament Building: Constructed during Budapest’s golden era when it was one of the capitals of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, this monumental Gothic Revival building dominates its Danube bank. The 45-minute guided tour is just the right amount of time to appreciate its lavish interior without getting tired and lost in one of its 691 rooms. After the tour, stop by Liberty Square for more dramatic buildings from this period.

#3 - Take a stroll down Andrássy Avenue: Andrássy Avenue is Budapest’s version of the Champs-Élysées - a grand 2.3 km boulevard that connects the city center with Heroes' Square and the City Park. Starting in downtown, you’ll pass fancy retail stores, then end up amongst beautiful villas that have been converted to embassies, taking in the heart of Budapest along your way. Be sure to pause at the Opera House and the House of Terror, and don’t miss some of the treasures hidden in the side streets.

#4 - Learn about communism in Hungary at the House of Terror: Democracy may indeed be the way forward, but Hungary is still suffering the harmful effects of the four-decades-long communist regime that reigned until 1989. This museum, inside the building that once headquartered the Communist Secret Police, is a must-see for anyone interested in exploring Hungary’s past and understanding its present. (Here’s our list of Budapest’s best museums.)

#5 - Go to a hammam: Commissioned by Turkish pashas in the 16th century, three atmospheric hamams are some of the last remaining traces of the Ottoman century-and-a-half occupation of Budapest. If you’re into time travel and soaking in hot water, don’t miss them. First, read this guide about Budapest’s thermal baths to find the one that suits you best.

#6 - Walk the “synagogue triangle” in the old Jewish Quarter: Before Hungary’s alliance with Nazi Germany and participation in the Holocaust, Budapest was home to a thriving community of more than 200,000 Jewish people. The Jewish community was integral to the development of modern Hungary with their contributions to commerce, the arts, and sciences. Take a moment to read about Budapest’s Jewish past, and then visit the old Jewish Quarter in District 7. Three stunning synagogues, including Europe’s largest, are near one another here.

#7 - Explore the Great Market Hall: This enormous brick-and-steel indoor building in the heart of Budapest has been the city’ main market hall since its opening in 1897. Although it’s usually teeming with tourists, plenty of locals, too, come here for fresh produce. Upstairs, you will find food stalls and vendors of knick-knacks and tchotchkes.

#8 - Try traditional Hungarian food: Although the notoriously heavy traditional Hungarian food is being updated with lighter ingredients across many restaurants, make no mistake, Hungarians still love a plate of hearty goulash and chicken paprikash. You have several options: classic, traditional Hungarian restaurants; no-frills, everyday eateries where you dine alongside locals; or contemporary, modern Hungarian fare.

#9 - Try Hungarian wine: Hungary’s most famous wine is the Tokaji, the sweet dessert wine that counted Emperors and Presidents among its fans. These days, however, Hungary also produces some excellent dry wines, too. The main varieties indigenous to the region include Furmint, Hárslevelű, Juhfark (white), and Kadarka (red), which you can find at these Budapest wine bars.

#10 - Go shopping: Budapest's shopping options span from antiques to contemporary designer products, with plenty in-between. Think: local clothing labels, high-end china, Hungarian wines, craft chocolate, vinyl records, and more - see if the city's best stores offer something of interest to you.

Photo: Vasarely Múzeum Budapest#11 - Go to a museum: Budapest has several excellent museums, be it a gigantic fine arts museum that could be the envy of most cities around the world, or a small, thematic exhibit about a famed Hungarian liquor maker that's still striving today. See which one strikes your fancy.

Photo: Lakáskultúra#12 - Take in the city's architecture: Thanks to its long history, Budapest boasts dozens of unique buildings, ranging from Roman ruins to contemporary constructions. Perhaps most interesting of all are the buildings of Ödön Lechner, who created a distinct Hungarian architecture style, featuring colorful ceramic tiles and curvilinear shapes, that took inspiration from Hungarian and Asian folk motifs. One of the best examples is the Postal Savings Bank from 1901.

#13 - Use BuBi, Budapest’s city bike system: With densely built streets and a flat surface, the Pest side of Budapest lends itself to be discovered on two wheels. With almost 1,500 bikes and 124 docking stations, Budapest’s self-service bike sharing system, BuBi, provides an excellent coverage of all downtown neighborhoods. You can pedal away for the whole day for the equivalent of less than €2 (within 30-minute intervals). Just keep your wits about you and be respectful to others sharing the road.

#14 - Visit the food court in the Hold Street Market: This historic downtown market hall has been transformed into a bustling food court where several local celebrity chefs operate fast-casual restaurants. My favorite food stalls include A Séf utcája, Buja Disznó(k), and Stand25 Bistro.

#15 - Discover the Palace Quarter: More and more locals frequent the Palace Quarter as an alternative to the overcrowded streets of the hyped-up Jewish Quarter nearby. With pre-war palaces and quaint courtyards, the Palace Quarter was once the most desirable - the playground of the wealthy nobility. As in the rest of the city, communism’s gray pallor transformed this area, but these serene streets are springing back to life again thanks to charming restaurants and cafés.

#16 - Visit Újlipótváros, Budapest’s West Village:Újlipótváros is a little city within the city that somehow flies under the radar of most tourists. With a 1930s modernist housing stock, this middle-class neighborhood looks and feels different from the rest of city. Lined with bookstores and trendy cafés, the main artery of the neighborhood is Pozsonyi Road.

#17 - Discover the coolest Buda neighborhood: No doubt that Pest is where most of the action is, but the stately Bartók Béla Boulevard in Buda gives it a run for its money. This revitalized area is teeming with cafés, bars, art galleries, and a local, bourgeois-bohemian crowd.

#18 - Visit the Lehel Market: Inside this quirky building lies one of Budapest's liveliest markets. You will find everything from smoked, cured, and spiced sausages to fresh and pickled vegetables, and home-made jams, vegetable spreads, and fruit syrups. At the wallet-friendly drinking joints you can accompany local regulars for a beer and a shot of Unicum. Compared with the Great Market Hall, Lehel Market will feel more local. For the best experience, visit on a Saturday morning.

#19 - Explore the Fiumei Road Cemetery: This vast land of 56 hectares (140 acres) not far from the city center hides the beautifully landscaped garden cemetery where Hungary’s most famous citizens are buried ("the Père Lachaise of Budapest”). Enjoy a stroll through its towering limestone mausoleums and impressively designed tombstones while getting to know the country’s leading statesmen and artists, including Lajos Kossuth and Tivadar Csontváry. At the back, but accessed from outside, is the Salgótarjáni Street Jewish Cemetery, which boasts elaborate tombstones of the turn-of-the-20th-century Jewish upper class.

#20 - Stroll down the Danube promenade in Ferencváros: Unfortunately, cars in Budapest have more access to precious Danube River views than people. One exception is the green promenade running down from the Great Market Hall to the Ludwig Museum of Contemporary Art. Along the way, you can pop in to the historic market hall, and the whale-shaped contemporary building where bars offer panoramic vistas.

Photo: Danubius Hotels#21 - Walk or bike around Budapest’s Central Park: Margaret Island is a massive green land perched in the middle of the Danube River - no wonder that the royal family kept it close to its chest before finally selling it to the state in 1908. Bike around the island's manicured lawns or join packs of locals on the running trail stretching around the island.

#22 - Eat in Budapest's Chinatown: With over 30,000 people, Budapest has the largest Chinese community in Central Europe. This of course means that plenty of excellent Chinese restaurants abound, be it Sichuan, seafood, or Chinese hotpot you're after. Budapest's Chinatown (Monori Center), which includes 13 restaurants and 5 Chinese supermarkets, is located a bit outside the city center, reachable in half-hour by public transport from downtown.

#23 - Go to Michelin-starred restaurant: Budapest has four Michelin-starred restaurants, more than the other Central European capital cities. While a Michelin meal always runs the risk of being a bit over-the-top, these Budapest restaurants showcase a unique blend of traditional Hungarian dishes and contemporary fine dining trends.

#24 - Visit the scenic tomb of Gül Baba: Gül Baba, "father of the roses" in Turkish, was a Bektashi monk who died in 1541 in Buda, when the Ottomans occupied the city. His octagonal tomb (türbe) is the northernmost point of Islamic pilgrimage in the world and also a scenic and peaceful area with sweeping views of Budapest. For the best experience, climb up on Mecset Street through the rose garden, and leave the area on the other side down the winding Gül Baba Street.

Photo: Architizer#25 - Check out the award-winning M4 subway stations: A crisscross system of exposed concrete beams, playful lighting solutions, and customized designs lend a distinctively 21st century feel to the platforms of Budapest's recently-completed M4 subway line. The Fővám Square and Szent Gellért Square stations, both designed by Hungarian architects, won the highly prestigious Architizer A+ Award in 2014.

#26 - Visit the Budapest Zoo: Not far from the city center lies one of the oldest zoos in Europe (it opened in 1866). With elaborate Art Nouveau buildings housing the animals, it's as much an architectural eye candy as it is a massive public zoo. Although open year-round, note that some of the animals may be hibernating away from the public eye in the winter months. Interestingly, the thermal water of the neighboring Széchenyi baths provides much of the zoo's heating.

#27 - Grab a drink at a ruin bar: Budapest’s ruin bars started when derelict, pre-war buildings in the old Jewish Quarter, barely escaping the bulldozers, were transformed into atmopheric bars. They serve cheap drinks and feature a hodgepodge of flea-market furniture. Although Szimpla Kert, the city’s first ruin bar, has become a tourist-favorite, it's still worth a visit for the experience.

#28 - Experience the contemporary side of Budapest: Sure, you don't need to come all the way to Budapest to try new-wave coffee, craft beers, or specialty cocktails. But if you're already here, see how Budapest's artisanal scene stacks up against those in other cities you've been to.

Photo: - Go to a concert on the A38 ship docked on the Danube River: This commercial-ship-turned-concert-venue is one of those unique Budapest creations, similar to ruin bars, that marries resourcefulness with locality. The ship used to be a Ukrainian stone-carrier lumbering on the Danube before being transformed into Budapest's go-to concert venue. It hosts A-level international and local bands almost every night of the week.

#30 - Experience the nightlife of the old Jewish Quarter: After the Holocaust, Budapest's Jewish Quarter was abandoned for decades. Recently, however, thanks to an influx of young people, these streets are home to a revitalized culture, teeming with cafés, bars, and restaurants. Packed with both locals and tourists at night, the area has become the city’s party district.

#31 - Mingle with locals: The best way to get to know a city is by meeting locals. Here are a few casual, laid-back bars, where you will be able to meet some Hungarians who hopefully will be glad to meet you.